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Agarwood, aloeswood, gharuwood Wholesale

Agar Wood Wholesale – Chat via WhatsApp +6287865026222 (Agarwood, aloeswood, gharuwood Wholesale


Agarwood, aloeswood, gharuwood Wholesale

Phone / WhatsApp +6287865026222

العود، aloeswood أو gharuwood


أغار وود بالجملة – الدردشة عبر ال WhatsApp +6287865026222 أغاروود بالجملة – إندونيسيا PT. MARION LLC هاتف / WhatsApp +6287865026222

Shipment from Indonesia

Agarwood, aloeswood or gharuwood is a fragrant dull resinous wood utilized in incense, aroma, and little carvings. It is framed in the heartwood of aquilaria trees when they wind up contaminated with a sort of form (Phialophora parasitica). Before contamination, the heartwood is scentless, moderately light and pale shaded; be that as it may, as the disease advances, the tree creates a dull fragrant tar, called aloes or agar (and also gaharu, jinko, oud, or oodh; not to be mistaken for bukhoor), because of the assault, which results in an extremely thick, dim, sap installed heartwood. The pitch installed wood is esteemed in numerous societies for its particular aroma, and therefore is utilized for incense and aromas. The sweet-smelling characteristics of agarwood are impacted by the species, geographic area, its branch, trunk and root source, time span since disease, and strategies for gathering and preparing [1]

Uninfected aquilaria wood coming up short on the dim sap

One of the principle purposes behind the relative irregularity and staggering expense of agarwood is the exhaustion of the wild resource.[2] Since 1995, Aquilaria malaccensis, the essential source, has been recorded in Appendix II (conceivably debilitated species) by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.[3] In 2004, all Aquilaria species were recorded in Appendix II; in any case, various nations have exceptional reservations with respect to that listing.[3]

First-grade agarwood is a standout amongst the most costly regular crude materials in the world,[citation needed] with 2010 costs for predominant unadulterated material as high as US$100,000/kg, in spite of the fact that by and by defilement of the wood and oil is normal, taking into account costs as low as US$100/kg.[4] An entire scope of characteristics and items are available, shifting in quality with topographical area, plant species, the age of the particular tree, social statement and the segment of the tree where the bit of agarwood stems from.[5] Oud oil is refined from agarwood, and brings high costs relying upon the oil’s immaculateness. The current worldwide market for agarwood is assessed to be in the scope of US$6 – 8 billion and is developing rapidly.[6]


The scent of agarwood is mind boggling and pleasing,[7] with few or no comparative normal analogs. In the aroma express, the fragrance is primarily recognized by a blend of “oriental-woody” and “delicate fruity-botanical” notes. The incense smoke is additionally portrayed by a “sweet-balsamic” note and “shades of vanilla and musk” and golden (not to be mistaken for ambergris).[5] accordingly, agarwood and its basic oil increased extraordinary social and religious criticalness in antiquated human advancements around the globe, being depicted as a fragrant item as ahead of schedule as 1400 BCE in one of the world’s most established composed writings – the Sanskrit Vedas from India. Agarwood is exceptionally adored in the fundamental writings of Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism, and Islam [1].

Dioscorides in his book Materia Medica (65 CE) depicted a few medicinal characteristics of agarwood (Áγαλλοχου) andmentioned its utilization as an incense. Despite the fact that Dioscorides depicts agarwood as having an astringent and harsh taste, it was utilized to refresh the breath when bitten or as a decoction held in the mouth. He likewise composes that a root separate was utilized to regard stomach dissensions and diarrhea and in addition agonies of the lungs and liver[1]. Agarwood’s utilization as a restorative item was likewise recorded in the Sahih Muslim, which goes back to around the eighth century, and in the Ayurvedic therapeutic content the Susruta Samhita.[8]

As right on time as the third century CE in old Viet Nam, the narrative Nan zhou yi wu zhi (Lĩnh nam chích quái) (Strange things from the South) composed by Wa Zhen of the Eastern Wu Dynasty made reference to agarwood delivered in the Rinan commandery, now Central Vietnam, and how individuals gathered it in the mountains.

Antique agarwood rosary with decorated gold, late Qing line, China. Adilnor Collection, Sweden.

Amid the 6th century CE in Japan, in the accounts of the Nihon Shoki (The Chronicles of Japan) the second most seasoned book of established Japanese history, notice is made of a substantial bit of fragrant wood distinguished as agarwood. The hotspot for this bit of wood is professed to be from Pursat, Cambodia (in light of the smell of the wood). The acclaimed bit of wood still stays in Japan today and is exhibited under 10 times each century at the Nara National Museum.

Beginning in 1580 after Nguyễn Hoàng took authority over the focal territories of current Vietnam, he supported exchange with different nations, particularly China and Japan. Agarwood was sent out in three assortments: Calambac (kỳ nam in Vietnamese), trầm hương (fundamentally the same as however somewhat harder and marginally more inexhaustible), and agarwood legitimate. A pound of Calambac purchased in Hội A for 15 taels could be sold in Nagasaki for 600 taels. The Nguyễn Lords before long settled a Royal Monopoly over the offer of Calambac. This imposing business model helped finance the Nguyễn state funds amid the early long stretches of the Nguyen rule.[9]

Xuanzang’s travelogs and the Harshacharita, written in seventh century AD in Northern India, makes reference to utilization of agarwood items, for example, ‘Xasipat’ (composing material) and ‘aloe-oil’ in old Assam (Kamarupa). The convention of making composing materials from its bark still exists in Assam.

There are seventeen species in the genus Aquilaria, large evergreens native to southeast Asia, and nine are known to produce agar wood.[23] In theory agarwood can be produced from all members; however, until recently it was primarily produced from A. malaccensisA. agallocha and A. secundaria are synonyms for A. malaccensis.[2] A. crassna and A. sinensis are the other two members of the genus that are usually harvested. The gyrinops tree can also produce agarwood.[24]

Steam distillation process used to extract agarwood essential oils

Formation of agar wood occurs in the trunk and roots of trees that have been penetrated by an insect feeding on wood and oily resin, the Ambrosia beetle (Dinoplatypus chevrolatiby</ref> Gen.Sc.Prof. Stephan-Alexander Ebu Can Peter, 2017). A mold infection may then occur, and in response, the tree produces a salutary self-defense material to conceal damages or infections. While the unaffected wood of the tree is relatively light in color, the resin dramatically increases the mass and density of the affected wood, changing its color from a pale beige to yellow, orange, red, dark brown or black. In natural forests, only about 7 out of 100 Aquilaria trees of same species are infected and produce aloes/agar wood. A common method in artificial forestry is to inoculate trees with the fungus. It produces a “damage sap” and is referred to as “fake” aloes/agar wood.[23] Gen.Sc.Prof. Stephan-Alexander Ebu Can Peter, 2017

Oud oil can be distilled from agar wood using steam; the total yield of oil for 70 kg of wood will not exceed 20 ml.[25][full citation needed]


The composition of agarwood oil is exceedingly complex with more than 150 chemical compounds identified.[4] At least 70 of these are terpenoids which come in the form of sesquiterpenes and chromones; no monoterpenes have been detected at all. Other common classes of compounds include agarofuranscadinaneseudesmanesvalencanes and eremophilanesguaianesprezizanesvetispiranes, simple volatile aromatic compounds as well as a range of miscellaneous compounds.[4] The exact balance of these materials will vary depending on the age and species of tree as well as the exact details of the oil extraction process.

العود (بالإنجليزية: Agarwood)، (باالبنغالية:আগর গাছ)، (الهندية:agar) و (الصينية:沉香)، هو راتنج قاتم اللون موجود بقلب خشب نبات جنس العود (الاسم العلمي:Aquilaria)[1] وهي أشجار دائمة الخضرة ومعمرة قد يصل ارتفاعها إلى عشرين متراً موطنها الأصلي جنوب شرق آسيا. ويحتوي العود على زيوت طيارة، تكونت بسبب إصابة الشجرة بنوع من العفن. حيث أنها قبل الإصابة يكون خشب قلب الشجرة خفيف نسبيا وشاحب اللون، وعند تقدم العدوى تنتج الشجرة الراتنج العطري القاتم اللون ردا على الهجوم، مما يجعل هذا الخشب كثيف جدا وداكن اللون. ويسمى هذا الراتنج بالعود، (وينبغي عدم الخلط بينه وبين ‘البخور‘). للعود قيمة عالية في العديد من الثقافات بسبب رائحته المميزة.

شجر عود غير مصاب، تفتقر للراتنج القاتم.

أنواع أشجار أقويلاريا (Aquilaria) التي تنتج العودعدل

الأنواع التالية من أشجار أقويلاريا تنتج العود:.[2]

يعرف “العود” السريلانكي باسم “والا باتا” (Wala Patta) وهو من أنواع Gyrinops walla .