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Pilgub-ntb-2013-tgb-amin-menang-versi-quick-count

Hasil penghitungan cepat (quick count) yang dilakukan Jaringan Suara Indonesia (JSI), pasangan calon TGH M Zainul Majdi dan Muhammad Amin (TGB-Amin) menang dalam pemilihan kepala daerah (pilkada) di Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTB).

“Kami ucapkan selamat kepada pasangan TGB-Amin yang memenangkan Pilkada NTB hanya satu putaran, versi ‘quick count’ JSI,” kata Direktur Riset JSI Eka Kusmayadi, kepada wartawan di Mataram, Senin petang.

JSI merupakan salah satu lembaga survei politik di Indonesia yang telah mengantongi sertifikat lembaga Quick Count (QC) dari Komisi Pemilihan Umum (KPU).

Eka mengatakan, pemilihan Gubernur dan Wakil Gubernur NTB periode 2013-2018 yang tahapan pemungutan suaranya dilaksanakan, Senin (13/5) itu baru akan diumumkan secara resmi oleh Komisi Pemilihan Umum (KPU) Provinsi NTB beberapa pekan mendatang.

Namun, publik ingin mengetahui hasil pilkada itu secepatnya sehingga JSI melakukan penghitungan cepat.

JSI menggunakan teknik sampling “multistage random sampling” dengan tingkat kesalahan kurang lebih satu persen, yakni sebanyak 300 sampel TPS (Tempat Pemungutan Suara) dari total 8.922 TPS dengan jumlah pemilih sebanyak 3.478.892 jiwa.

Hasilnya, pasangan TGB-Amin meraih suara terbanyak yakni 44,63 persen dari total 78.316 suara yang diperoleh dari 296 unit TPS dari 300 TPS sampel, atau sebanyak 98,67 persen suara.

“Masih ada 1,33 persen suara yang belum dihimpun, namun itu tidak akan mempengaruhi hasil penghitungan cepat, dan dimenangkan oleh pasangan TGB-Amin,” ujar Eka.

Pasangan calon yang menempati urutan dua dalam perolehan suara terbanyak yakni DR KH Zulkifli Muhadli dan Prof DR H Muhammad Ichsan (Zul-Ichsan) sebanyak 25,81 persen, disusul pasangan Harun Al Rasyid dan Muhyi Abidin (Harum) dengan 22,08 persen, dan pasangan H Suryadi Jaya Purnama dan Johan Rosihan (SJP-Johan) 7,48 persen.

JSI menyimpulkan bahwa kemenangan pasangan TGB-Amin karena tiga hal utama yakni ketokohan TGB (sapaan akrab TGH M Zainul Majdi) yang sangat populer yakni berasal dari kalangan ulama, dan tokoh agama yang telah mengakar di kalangan pemilih, serta figur yang mumpuni.

Pasangan TGB-Amin menang hampir di semua kabupaten/kota di wilayah NTB, kecuali di Kabupaten Bima dan Dompu yang dimenangkan oleh pasangan Harum yang meraih suara 50,73 persen, disusul pasangan Zul-Ichsan dengan 22,79 persen, lalu TGB-Amin 18,64 persen dan SJP-Johan 7,84 persen.

TGB-Amin juga kalah di wilayah Sumbawa (Kabupaten Sumbawa dan Sumbawa Barat) yang hanya meraih 30,62 persen suara, diungguli oleh pasangan Zul-Ichsan yang meraih 55,05 persen. Pasangan Harum meraih 8,63 persen, dan pasangan SJP-Johan meraih 5,70 persen.

Keempat pasangan calon itu diusung gabungan parpol, yakni TGB-Amin yang diusung tujuh parpol yakni Partai Demokrat, Partai Golkar, Partai Persatuan Pembangunan (PPP), Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa (PKB), Partai Amanat Nasional (PAN), Partai Demokrasi Indonesia (PDI) Perjuangan, dan Partai Gerindra.

Zainul Majdi yang akrab disapa TGB merupakan Gubernur NTB periode 2008-2013, yang juga menjabat Ketua DPD Partai Demokrat.

Sementara Amin merupakan kader Partai Golkar yang menjabat Sekretaris DPD I Partai Golkar NTB, yang juga masih menjadi anggota DPRD NTB periode 2009-2014. Amin berasal dari Pulau Sumbawa.

Paket “Suryadi-Johan” diusung tiga parpol yakni Partai Keadilan Sejahtera (PKS), Partai Bintang Reformasi (PBR) dan Partai Persatuan Rakyat Nasional (PPRN), dengan dukungan sembilan kursi dari total 55 kursi di DPRD NTB hasil Pemilu 2009.

Suryadi merupakan Ketua DPD PKS NTB yang juga Wakil Ketua DPRD NTB, sementara Johan merupakan Wakil Ketua DPD PKS NTB yang juga Wakil Ketua Komisi II DPRD NTB.

Paket Zul-Ichsan diusung empat parpol peserta Pemilu 2009 itu yakni Partai Bulan Bintang (PBB), Partai Karya Peduli Bangsa (PKPB), Partai Kebangkitan Nasional Ulama (PKNU), dan Partai Pengusaha dan Pekerja Indonesia (PPPI).

Zulkifli merupakan Ketua Dewan Pengurus Wilayah (DPW) PBB NTB, yang masih menjabat Bupati Sumbawa Barat untuk periode keduanya. Jabatan bupati itu diraih sejak 2005.

Sementara Ichsan adalah mantan Dekan Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Mataram (Unram) yang kini menjabat Ketua Ikatan Cendekiawan Muslim Indonesia (ICMI) NTB.

Paket “Harum” diusung oleh 18 parpol yakni Partai Hati Nurani Rakyat (Hanura), PNBK Indonesia, PPDI, Partai Buruh, PNIM, PDP, PSI, PPNUI, PPN, PPI, PKP, Partai Patriot, Partai Merdeka, PMB, PIS, Parta Barnas, Partai Kedaulatan, dan PKPI.

Harun merupakan mantan Gubernur NTB periode 1998-2003 yang kini masih menjadi anggota DPR dari Partai Gerindra.

Muhyi kini masih menjadi anggota Dewan Perwakilan Daerah (DPD) asal NTB, yang juga petinggi Pengurus Wilayah (PW) Nahdlatul Wathan (NW) NTB, organisasi Islam terbesar di wilayah NTB.

“Quick count” lain.

Konsultan Citra Indonesia (KCI) juga melakukan penghitungan cepat pemilihan Gubernur dan Wakil Gubernur NTB periode lima tahun berikutnya itu.

Hasilnya, sebagaimana disampaikan Direktur KCI Barkah Pattimahu, pasangan TGB-Amin meraih 43,08 persen suara, sehingga dinyatakan menang satu putaran.

“Selamat untuk pasangan TGB-Amin beserta para pendukungnya, karena dari hasil ‘quick count’ telah memenangkan Pilkada NTB hanya satu putaran,” ujarnya.

Pasangan yang menempati urutan kedua perolehan suara yakni Zul-Ichsan yang meraih 26,33 persen suara, disusul pasangan Harum dengan 22,69 persen suara, dan pasangan SJP-Johan yang hanya meraih 7,8 persen suara. (*)

Editor : Anwar Maga

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Indonesian Pearls Figures

Indonesian Pearls in Figures

Authors Team: Pearls Wholesale, South Sea Pearls, Lombok Tour. South Sea Pearls Wholesale, Lombok Island, Tour Lombok

PRODUCTION CENTERS OF INDONESIAN PEARL FARMING
PRODUCTION CENTERS OF INDONESIAN PEARL FARMING

Indonesia Pearls Exports by Country of Destinationssouth sea pearl wholesale indonesia 926

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The biggest quantities of Indonesian unworked cultured pearls (HS 710121) were exported to Japan (with an average share of 65%), followed by Australia (13%), Hongkong (7 %) and Singapore (5 %).

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Japan is also the biggest export destination for Indonesian worked cultured pearls (HS 710122), followed by Hongkong (37%)

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After a dip in 2004, Indonesian exports of un-worked cultured pearls (HS 710121) rebounded to reach more than US$ 12 millions. The fluctuations had been influenced by pearling cultivation related to climatic conditions.

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THE SPECIAL VIRTUES OF INDONESIAN SOUTH SEA PEARLS

THE SPECIAL VIRTUES OF INDONESIAN SOUTH SEA PEARLS

south sea pearl wholesale indonesia 3
Pearls with the majestic color of Imperial Gold is produced only by oysters cultivated in Indonesian waters.

THE SPECIAL VIRTUES OF INDONESIAN SOUTH SEA PEARLS :

  • In order to appreciate the special distinctions of the South Sea Pearls, for which Indonesia is the leading producer, one can assess their beauty in terms of luster, color, size, shape and surface quality.
  • In terms of luster, South Sea pearls, both natural and cultured, have a very distinct appearance.
  • Due to their unique natural luster, they exhibit a gentle inner glow which is noticeably different from the surface shine of other pearls. It is sometimes described as comparing the glow of candle-light with that of a fluorescent light. Occasionally, pearls of very fine quality will exhibit a phenomenon known as orient. This is the combination of a translucent luster with subtle reflections of color.
  • The most popular colors of South Sea pearls are white or white with various colored overtones.
  • Overtones can be almost any color of the rainbow, and are derived from the natural colors of the nacre of the South Sea pearl oyster.
  • When combined with a translucent intense luster, they create the effect known as “orient”.
  • Colors that are dominantly found include, Silver, Pink White, White Rose, Golden White, Gold Cream, Champagne and Imperial Gold.
  • Imperial gold color is the rarest of all. This majestic color is produced only by the oysters cultivated in Indonesian waters.

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  • South Sea cultured pearls dominate the pearl world in size, and are generally between 10 mm and 15 millimeters.
  • When bigger sizes are found, rarer pearls above 16 millimeters and occasionally in excess of 20 millimeters are highly prized by connoisseurs.
  • If beauty is in the eye of the beholder, then South Sea Pearls offer a myriad of opportunities of beauty to behold, as no two pearls are exactly the same.
  • Due to the thickness of their nacre, South Sea cultured pearls are found in an exciting variety of shapes.
  • Pearl nacre is a beautiful matrix of calcium carbonate crystals and special sub- stances produced by the oyster.
  • This matrix is laid down in perfectly formed microscopic tiles, layer upon layer.
  • The thickness of the pearl is determined by the number of layers, and the thickness of each layer.
  • The appearance of the nacre will be determined by whether the calcium crystals are “flat” or “prismatic”, by the perfection with which the tiles are laid, and by the fineness and number of layers of tiles.
  • The effect on the pearl’s beauty depends on the degree of visibility of these perfections.
  • This surface quality of the pearl is described as the pearl’s complexion.
  • Although shape does not affect the quality of a pearl, the demand for particular shapes does have a bearing on value.
  • For convenience, South Sea cultured pearls are graded into these seven shape categories.

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Several categories are further divided into numerous sub-categories:

  1. Round
  2. Semi-Round
  3. Baroque
  4. Semi-Baroque
  5. Drop
  6. Circle
  7. Button.

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Pinctada Maxima

Pinctada maxima

Indonesia south sea pearls (Lombok Pearls)
Indonesia south sea pearls (Lombok Pearls)

1.2.1 Taxonomic position and distributionwholesale pearls

Pinctada maxima was recorded for the first time in northern Australian waters (Dakin, 1913). They are commonly called the silver-lipped or gold-lipped pearl oyster and produce the famous South Sea pearls (SSP)(O’Sullivan, 1992). It is the largest species in the genus Pinctada (Dakin, 1913; Hynd, 1955; Shirai, 1994; Xie, 1990) and it produces the largest and finest pearls (Kunz & Stevenson, 1908). Shell size may reach more than 30 centimetres and individuals may live for up to 40 years (Strack, 2006). Both Pinctada maxima (Jameson, 1901) and P. margaritifera (Linnaeus, 1758) are closely related species (He et al., 2005) and share the same position as the most primitive species within the genus Pinctada (Yu and Chu, 2006). P. maxima is distributed from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific and from the tropic of Cancer to the tropic of Capricorn (Wada & Tëmkin, 2008)(Fig. 1.1). They are found in depths of up to 90 metres although their optimal habitat is at about 35 metres (Strack, 2006).

Fig 1.1. Geographical distribution of Pinctada maxima (Wada & Tëmkin, 2008). The taxonomic position of Pinctada maxima is shown below:
Phyllum Mollusca >> Class Bivalvia >> Order Pterioida >> Family Pteriidae >> Genus Pinctada Röding, 1798 >> Species Pinctada maxima (Jameson, 1901)

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1.2.2 Morphology and anatomy
The anatomy of Pinctada maxima described below relates to organs and structures that have importance to pearl production and therefore to the research conducted in this study. Like other members of genus Pinctada, P. maxima has nearly equivalve shells with less projecting posterior ‘wing’, compared to the genus Pteria, and concentric lines. Small projecting scales may also occur on the external surfaces of shells, particularly in young individuals (Lamprell & Healy, 1997). Colour bands of gold or silver occur in distal region of the nacreous part of the inner shell (Fig. 1.2).

Fig. 1.2. The inner surface of two valves of Pinctada maxima from different individuals representing gold lip pearl oyster (left) and silver-lip pearl oyster (right); arrows indicate lip colour.

Fig. 1.3. A pair of valves of Pinctada maxima showing shell morphology and orientation; ae, anterior ear (auricle); am, adductor muscle scar; bn, byssal notch; li, ligament; ms, pallial muscle scar; nb, nacre border; nl, nacre layer (mother of pearl=MOP); pl, prismatic layer, and um, umbo.

1.2.2.1. The shell
Like other bivalves, Pinctada maxima posses a pair of valves (Fig. 1.3). Both valves are attached with a ligament in the dorsal hinge region. There are no hinge teeth (Strack, 2006). The right valve is usually flatter than the left valve. Each shell valve is composed of three layers: (1) the outer layer is the periostracum or conchiolin layer; (2) the middle layer is the ostracum or prismatic layer; and (3) the inner layer is the hypostracum or nacre (mother of pearl) layer (Fougerouse et al., 2008). The periostracum may help reduce biofouling on the outer shell surface (De Nys & Ison, 2008; Guenther et al., 2006). Unlike the periostracum which is formed mainly from proteins, the prismatic and nacreous layers are composed of different forms of calcium carbonate. The prismatic layer is composed of calcite crystals, while the nacreous layer is built from aragonite. These structures are embedded within an organic matrix framework (Addadi et al., 2006; Bedouet et al., 2001; Checa and Rodriguez- Navarro, 2005; Matsushiro and Miyashita, 2004) composed mainly of protein (Matsushiro et al., 2003).

indonesia south sea pearls cultivation
Indonesia south sea pearls cultivation

1.2.2.2 The mantle
The molluscan mantle (Fig. 1.4) has many functions. Besides protecting internal organs, the mantle has also roles in assimilation, respiration, locomotion and reproduction (Simkiss, 1988). In relation to shell formation, the mantle is responsible for producing ions and minerals used in the biomineralisation process (Blank et al., 2003). The bivalve mantle consists of two lobes of tissue that line the inner surfaces of both shell valves. As in bivalves, each mantle lobe in P. maxima can be divided into three zones: the marginal, pallial and central zones (Dix, 1973; Humphrey & Norton, 2005). The central zone covers the soft tissue, the pallial zone is composed primarily of muscular threads used in mantle retraction, while the outer marginal zone splits into three folds: the outer, middle and inner folds, each with specific roles (Fougerouse et al., 2008). Tissue from the pallial zone is used in the cultured pearl production process (Acosta-Salmón, 2004).
Mantle Gill , Adductor Muscle, Gonad, Auricle, Byssal gland Foot
Fig.1.4. Internal anatomy of Pinctada maxima (Jameson)

1.2.2.3 The gonad
The gonad (Fig. 1.4) has an important role in cultured pearl production as it is used as the organ that receives the nucleus and nacre secreting tissue implant (‘saibo’) required for pearl production (Taylor & Strack, 2008). The ripe gonad of male P. maxima is milky white but it is creamy yellow for females. When fully ripe the gonad may occupy one-third of the internal space of the oyster. However, pearl oysters with full gonads are not used for pearl production because space is required to house the nucleus and tissue implant. Because of this, the implantation for cultured pearl production takes place after the spawning period or following a conditioning period, which empties the gonad (see Section 1.4.2.1). Changes in water temperature are the main factor in inducing spawning of pearl oysters in nature (Behzadi et al., 1997; Hernandez-Olalde et al., 2007; Saucedo et al., 2002a; Saucedo & Southgate, 2008).

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Article source: Mamangkey, Noldy (2009) Improving the quality of pearls from Pinctada maxima. PhD thesis, James Cook University.south sea pearls wholesale

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How to measure your ring size :Ring-Size-Chart

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Modern style to use Pearl

A pearl necklace is an ageless buy. The main issue with that immortality is that a pearl jewelry once in a while looks present day – rich, truly, yet not current. I acquired my mom’s a couple of times for uncommon events in my teenagers, and constantly looked as if I’d done quite recently that; I’ve stayed away from them from that point forward. I comprehend the interest, obviously – that smooth pearlescence is so complimenting against the skin, they run with most anything, and they truly will keep going forever – yet I have constantly discovered pearls excessively exemplary for my taste.

This made everything the all the more astounding when I built up a longing for the round pearl’s rock’n’roll kin, the rococo pearl. It’s not an acknowledgment I came to alone, obviously – Phoebe Philo helped, with Céline’s turquoise-or agate-studded hoops, however at north of £1,000 they fall tragically out of my financial plan.

Single circle, £240, Sarah and Sebastian; Mizuki realistic bands, £475, Net-a-Porter; Large loops, £358, Apples and Figs

Yet, while genuine pearls positively don’t come shabby, there are reasonable alternatives accessible. Refined pearls cost around a tenth of the cost of characteristic pearls, yet both are “genuine” – with “refined” referencing the human mediation that makes a mollusc make a pearl. In essential terms, size and brilliance decide esteem, however since elaborate just alludes to shape, the kind of pearl will be the principle factor in cost. Tahitian and South Sea forms are certainly in the speculation section, while freshwater florid pearls are similarly moderate.

With respect to style, hoops are the most flexible choice for regular wear, however in the event that you’d truly incline toward an accessory, New York name Mounser has a beautiful gold chain and florid pearl adaptation (£305, mounser.com) that would work for day and night.

Studs, £350, Alighieri; Drop, £180.83, Mounser

The most recent incarnations are positively present day. Band studs have for quite some time been a streetwear staple, so the matching of pearls and circles makes for a fascinating conflict. Sarah and Sebastian’s gold circle is sold as a solitary hoop (Vermeer would endorse) and is sufficiently little to be stacked in the event that you have different ear piercings – I do, and plan to wear it with my blended cluster of little yellow gold and jewel loops and studs.

Annoushka offers pearl charms that can be added to circles as of now in your adornments box. For bigger proclamation styles, Alighieri and Mounser both have deviated choices, and Apples and Figs have added precious stones to baroques. Coleman Douglas and Molo Me have more great alternatives, and got the attention of design editorial manager Caroline Leaper as she strolled past my PC screen – they’ll be ideal for her approaching wedding.

By and by, I intend to wear my pearls in a considerably more easygoing setting, and absolutely not spare them for best. They’ll look awesome with a fresh white shirt at the workplace or a cashmere jumper and pants come the end of the week. Also, they’ll run with pretty much everything, since – while they may be the startling decision – they are pearls, all things considered.