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Ribuan Kerang Mutiara Dilepas Dilaut Perairan Lombok

Menurut perkirakan minggu lalu, kurang lebih sejumlah 15.000 ekor titam kerang mutiara jenis Pinctada maxima telah dilepas di sekitar perairan pulau Gili Kondo, sambalia, desa Padak Guar, Kab,Lombok Timur. hal dilakukan bertujuan untuk restocking dalam menjaga kelestarian species tersebut di alam.

Seperti yang sudah  diketahui KKP mempunyai dua Unit Pelaksana Teknis (UPT) yang secara khusus diberikan tanggung jawab untuk pemuliaan induk dan pengembangan kerang mutiara di Indonesia. jumlah Ribuan spat kerang mutiara ini adalah hasil pembenihan secara buatan yang sudah dilakukan Balai Perikanan Budidaya Laut (BPBL) Lombok. Kedua UPT tersebut yaitu BPBL Lombok dan Balai Pemuliaan Induk Udang dan Kekerangan (BPIUK) di Karangasem Bali.

Seperti yang sudah  diketahui KKP mempunyai dua Unit Pelaksana Teknis (UPT) yang secara khusus diberikan tanggung jawab untuk pemuliaan induk dan pengembangan kerang mutiara di Indonesia. jumlah Ribuan spat kerang mutiara ini adalah hasil pembenihan secara buatan yang sudah dilakukan Balai Perikanan Budidaya Laut (BPBL) Lombok. Kedua UPT tersebut yaitu BPBL Lombok dan Balai Pemuliaan Induk Udang dan Kekerangan (BPIUK) di Karangasem Bali.

“Istilah Restocking adalah upaya yang sangat krusial dan sifatnya yang mendesak yang telah dilakukan saat ini untuk menjaga keseimbangan stock kerang mutiara di alam. Apalagi di saat sekarang sudah mulai terjadi penurunan ketersediaan induk kerang mutiara di alam akibat penangkapan yang berlebihan, menurut pendapat Slamet Soebjakto selaku Direktur Jenderal Perikanan Budidaya.

Slamet berpendapat bahwa,  pelepasan puluhan ribu ekor spat kerang mutiara tersebut dilakukan dengan melibatkan masyarakat lokal yang tergabung dalam Komite Pengelolaan Perikanan Laut (KPPL) kawasan Sambelia.

KPPL merupakan suatu kelompok komite yang terdiri dari kumpulan anggota masyarakat pantai yang terdiri dari tokoh agama, tokoh adat, nelayan, pembudidaya ikan dan pihak terkait lainnya yang  dibentuk secara swadaya sebagai bagian peran partisipatif masyarakat dalam menjaga kelestarian SDA kelautan dan perikanan.

Mayarakat lokal diwajibkan ikut berperan serta dan mengmbil bagian penting dalam menyalurkan  edukasi untuk upaya pengawasan kelestarian sumberdaya kerang mutiara, apalagi di pulau Lombok menjaga dan masih terasa kental dengan aturan lokal yang dapat diberdayakan sebagai instrument konservasi SDA kelautan dan perikanan. seperti yang diungkapkan Slamet, akibat penangkapan secara berlebihan, banyak jumlah perusahaan pembenih mutiara yang saat ini mulai kesulitan menemukan sumber induk di alam, dan pastinya ini sangat mengkhawatirkan bagi pengelolaan bisnis mutiara di Indonesia untuk selanjutnya.

South Sea Pearl (LOT-ATW112)Melihat perairan di Indonesia, khususnya Pulau Lombok yang dikenal oleh dunia sebagai tempat asli kerang mutiara jenis Pinctada maxima yang terkenal disampi ke luar negeri dengan sebutan The Queen Of Pearl atau ratunya mutiara. “Namun kenyataannya pada saat ini induk kerang mutiara mulai jarang di peroleh, kita tahu selama bertahun-tahun mengalami proses pengembangan pembenihan kerang mutiara ini lebih banyak mengandakan induk dari alam. Tentunya ini sangat berbahaya untuk kelangsungan spesies. Oleh sebab itulah, kami mulai mendorong UPT untuk melaksanakan pembenihan kerang mutiara, dimana peruntukannya lebih besar untuk kepentingan restocking. Kelompok KKP juga akan turut mendorong unit-unit pembenihan kerang mutiara yang dimiliki swasta untuk melakukan hal yang serupa di seluruh Perairan potensial di Indonesia. Hal ini merupakan suatu  bentuk tanggunjawab kompensasi jasa lingkungan yang harus di dipenuhi.

“Melakukan pembudidayaan merupakan satu-satunya penyangga sumberdaya keluatan dan perikanan, untuk selanjutnya tidak dapat  terus menerus mengandalkan eksploitasi sumber pangan dari alam. Menurut ibu Menteri Kelautan dan Perikanan Susi Pudjiastuti juga menginstruksikan agar kegiatan pelaksanaan restocking menjadi program utama untuk menjamin keberlanjutan sumberdaya perikanan Indonesia kedepannya.

Negara Jepang yang merupakan negara dengan tujuan utama ekspor dengan share sebesar 94 persen dari total nilai eksport mutiara Indonesia. Badan Pusat Statistik telah mencatat nilai ekspor  mutiara asal Indonesia dalam kurun waktu 2012 sampai 2016 dan rata-rata naik 2,6 persen per tahun. dan di Tahun 2016 nilai ekspor mutiara Indonesia mencapai 15,16 juta dollar AS.

south sea pearl price 35p-0002

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Cara Membedakan Mutiara Lombok Asli & yang Palsu

Bagaimanakan Cara Untuk Membedakan Mutiara Lombok Palsu dan yang Asli ?

butiran mutiara asli
Contoh butiran mutiara asli

Berlibur ke pulau Lombok, tentu akan semakin lengkap rasanya jika kita dapat mengkoleksi perhiasan mutiara untuk kita gunakan sebagai perhiasan pribadi atau sebagai oleh oleh untuk seseorang yang spesial dalam hidup kita. Sangat disarankan kepada andauntuk dapat langsung pergi ke Lombok untuk mendapatkan mutiara menawan khas Indonesia itu, karena hasil kerajinan mutiara dari pulau lombok sudah sangat dikenali oleh kalangan manca negara maupun domestik.

Namun, terkait dengan perhiasan tentu kita tak mau disuguhkan perhiasan yang palsu, apalagi kadung terbeli. Berikut ini beberapa tips bagaimana cara membedakan mutiara yang palsu dan yang asli :

  • Mutiara palsu dibuat oleh oknum tak bertanggung jawab dari bahan plastik, sehingga mudah dikenali karena terlalu ringan dan terlalu mulus.
  • Jika mutiara palsu jika di tes gores dengan benda tajam maka akan tergores, kalau mutiara asli enggak tergores.
  • Selama mutiara itu asli, jika dipanaskan dengan api maka mutiara tersebut tidak akan meleleh. Mutiara palsu disebut akan meleleh jika dipanaskan dan akan mengelupas jika sudah disimpan terlalu lama.
  • Konsumen perlu mencurigai jika ada oknum yang menjual mutiara Lombok dengan harga yang begitu murah.
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Loose Pearls

All About The Loose Pearls

south sea pearls wholesale
Indonesia south sea pearls

loose pearls quality

wholesale pearls“A” to “AAA” Grading system in loose pearls

  1. AAA : The highest-quality loose pearls, virtually flawless. The surface will have a very high lustre , not necessarily metallic, and at least 95% of the surface of each pearl is free of flaws. Any flaws are very small and hardly noticeable.
  2. AA+ : Nearly as good as AAA loose pearls but perhaps slightly off round when rolled and a few more flaws although these will still only be visible on close inspection.
  3. AA : Average to good luster, off round, blemishing to 20% of surface
  4. A : This is the lowest jewellery-grade pearl, with a lower luster and/or more than 25% of the surface showing defects. Probably a round loose pearls will be egg shaped, even from a distance.
  5. Any website or other seller which talks about AAAA+++ grade loose pearls is talking rubbish and this should be queried.

Essence loose pearls are exceptional pearls, selected for highly metallic lustre, clean surface and shape, in that order. Usually only found by selecting in person. Probably under 1% of pearls will show the mirror metallic lustre we look for.

wholesale pearls south sea pearls wholesale
If you looking for Wholesale Pearls & South Sea Pearls Wholesale, please contact us on phone or whatsapp +6287865026222 (Miss Joaquim Pearls Indonesia)

Tahitian loose pearls have a distinct and separate system, established by GIE Perles de Tahiti, and the Ministere de la Perliculture of Tahiti which grades from A (finest) to D ( poor) but to avoid confusion Miss Joaquim Pearls loose pearls uses only the A-AAA gradings throughout the website.

Loose Pearls Colour.
Natural freshwater loose pearls tend to be shades of white through to pale pinks and peaches and golds The intensity of the colour depends on the species and strain of host mollusc plus the farm water and food. Tahitian and South sea pearls are not usually dyed.

Loose Pearls Cultured

sIndonesia south sea  loose pearls
Indonesia south sea loose pearls

A pearl formed after a human puts a bead nucleus or mantle tissue into a mollusc. Any farmed pearl is cultured. Any real pearl feels faintly gritty when rubbed gently on your teeth and the drill hole tends to be very small (usually 0.7mm)(because pearls are still often sold by weight).

Culturing Saltwater Loose Pearls
Several distinct types of loose pearls grow in salt waters. Farming methods are pretty much the same for all of them The process of growing sea pearls in oysters was discovered (or re-discovered as there are arguments about this) by Mikimoto in 1893. All pearls which grow in salt water start with baby oysters which are either artificially bred in a hatchery or spawn naturally then are collected by placing various lures in the water to attract the spats as they are called.

The baby oysters are grown on for two or more years until they are big enough to manage to accept a grafted bead nucleus. With all sea pearls the loose pearls is grown around a nucleus – a starter bead plus a tiny fragment of mantle tissue which grows to form a pearl sac around the bead. As the mantle tissue is tissue for making nacre/shell it carries on doing this, secreting nacre on the inside of the sac and onto the bead. Mantle tissue makes the pearl sac because its job normally is to secrete the mother of pearl to make the smooth and lustrous lining of the oyster’s shell.
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Early in the morning of the day an oyster will receive a nucleus, it is taken out of the water and then left for about half an hour, by which time it should have opened its shell a little. The shells are wedged open. Any unopen shells go back into the water to be left for another attempt in a few days Nucleating oysters is a skilled task – even opening the shell too far can kill the delicate creature. The bead-plus-mantle tissue scrap is inserted into an incision into the body of the oyster, either at its gonad or by the connective tissue. Remarkably having a bead stuck into its sex organ seems to make the oyster more active sexually rather than less!
A nucleus is a (usually) round bead made from shell and cut and polished into a smooth round -usually about 8mm in diameter for first grafting

Indonesia south sea  loose pearls
Indonesia south sea loose pearls

The oyster is secured in a clamping device in front of the operator and either the wooden wedge is left in place or a re-tractor which allows the shells to be forced further apart is inserted. If the oyster is opened too far it will die. The aim is for this process to take under a minute and it is reckoned that it takes a month at least for the oyster to recover. The actual process is that the grafter, working through the tiny opening between the two halves of the shell, makes n incision of about a centimeter into the oyster’s gonad or into its connective tissue then places the mantle tissue and nucleus (dipped in water and held by a suction tool) into this slit.
The two insertions must be touching, or a pearl sac will not form. Then the oyster is put back into the sea. There are various ways it is held but they all work to allow the oyster to feed happily and grow.

No-one knows exactly why some grafts become great pearls and others don’t. It is probably a mixture and combination of genetics, grafting skill, and growing conditions. Many farms keep a record to see who is the best grafter

The implanted tissue forms a pearl sac around the nucleus and starts to secrete nacre. It will take between two and four years for the pearls to form. The tissue implant is only about 1mm square. It will form the pearl, which has no genetic relationship with the host mollusc. Nacre is mostly carbonated calcium. As long as the irritant is present the mollusc continues to add layers of nacre until a smooth lustrous pearl is formed.

Only one pearl per oyster can be produced. Sometimes oysters can be re-nucleated after harvesting to produce a bigger pearl with a bigger nucleating bead, or, if no bead is used a keishi pearl can be produced (think of the inside of an inflated then deflated balloon) Oysters are fairly fussy about their conditions and if forced to open too much they will die, as they will if they are out of the water too long, get too hot or too cold, if the water in which they live becomes too saline or not saline enough (this happens when a river floods and any oysters living in the estuary may well die because of the temporary dilution of salinity.

South sea pearls
South sea pearls

Indonesia south sea loose pearls

It takes about 18 months to two years to grow Tahitian and south sea pearls. Tahitian pearls are required by local law to be x-rayed and have a minimum nacre depth of 0.8mm all round. South sea pearls tend to have much thicker nacre than this There is some controversy about how long akoya pearls need to stay in the water. Some are harvested after only six months but these pearls can have gaps in their nacre so the bead is visible (they are said to ‘blink’ when rolled) and they will wear out quickly. But they will, of course, be very much cheaper.

The pearls are cosseted. They will be cleaned several times to remove algae, vegetable growths and barnacles, and the farmer must keep an eye on the weather conditions – some akoya farms now monitor temperature and salinity and move the oysters if conditions are not ideal.

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south sea pearls wholesale call / whatsapp +6287865026222

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Wholesale Jewelry Supply : Pearl Description

Wholesale Jewelry Supply : Pearl Description

price pearls wholesale
Cultured Pearls

wholesale jewelry supply
Cultured pearls come in various sizes, shapes, and colors

Maybe the best-cherished diamonds ever, pearls—both natural and cutting edge cultured pearls—happen in a wide assortment of colors. The most commonplace colors are white and cream (a light yellowish chestnut). Black, gray, and silver are likewise genuinely regular, yet the palette of pearl colors reaches out to each tint. The principle color, or body-color, is frequently changed by extra colors called suggestions, which are ordinarily pink (once in a while called rose), green, purple, or blue. A few pearls additionally demonstrate the glowing marvel known as arrange. – tags: wholesale jewelry supply

Akoya Pearl Oyster

Otsuki pearl farm, Ago Bay, Japan. Ten oysters were picked out to harvest pearls from. 8 of the 10 had a pearl.
This recently opened akoya pearl shellfish uncovers the cultured pearl that developed inside its gonad. This current shellfish’s experimental name is pinctada fucata (martensii).

Cultured pearls are well known for bead pieces of jewelry and wristbands, or mounted in solitaires, combines, or clusters for use in hoops, rings, and pendants. Bigger pearls with abnormal shapes are prominent with imaginative adornments fashioners.  – tags: wholesale jewelry supply

Multicolored Pearl Necklace

Multi color Tahitian and South Sea pearl necklace
Multi color Tahitian and South Sea pearl necklace

This multicolored jewelry consolidates the magnificence of Tahitian and South Sea cultured pearls. The experimental names of the clams that delivered them are, separately, Pinctada margaritifera and Pinctada maxima. –  tags: wholesale jewelry supply

Pearl—natural or cultured—is a US birthstone for June, together with alexandrite and moonstone.

Natural pearls structure in the bodies, or mantle tissue, of specific mollusks, more often than not around an infinitesimal aggravation, and dependably without human help of any sort.

The development of cultured pearls requires human intercession and care. Today, the vast majority of the mollusks utilized as a part of the culturing procedure are raised particularly for that reason, albeit some wild mollusks are still gathered and utilized.  – tags: wholesale jewelry supply

Pink sapphires and diamonds complement the exotic color in this metallic cultured pearl ring by Takayas Mizuno. The cultured pearls in this photo are 8-10 mm.
Pink sapphires and diamonds complement the exotic color in this metallic cultured pearl ring by Takayas Mizuno. The cultured pearls in this photo are 8-10 mm.

Gathering of Cultured Pearls

This gathering of cultured pearls shows a portion of the outlandish colors pearls can display. – Blaire Beavers, kindness Takayas Mizuno

To start the procedure, a gifted professional takes mantle tissue from a yielded mollusk of the same species and additions a shell bead alongside a little bit of mantle tissue into a host mollusk’s gonad, or a few bits of mantle tissue without beads into a host mollusk’s mantle. On the off chance that a bead is utilized, the mantle tissue develops and shapes a sac around it and secretes nacre internal and onto the bead to in the end frame a cultured pearl. On the off chance that no bead is utilized, nacre conforms to the individual embedded mantle tissue pieces. Laborers tend the mollusks until the cultured pearls are collected.  – tags: wholesale jewelry supply

There are four noteworthy sorts of cultured entire pearls:

  1. Akoya—This write is most natural to numerous gems clients. Japan and China both produce saltwater akoya cultured pearls.
  2. South Sea—Australia, Indonesia, and the Philippines are driving wellsprings of these saltwater cultured pearls.
  3. Tahitian—Cultivated essentially around the islands of French Polynesia (the most well known of these is Tahiti), these saltwater cultured pearls more often than not go from white to black.
  4. Freshwater—These are generally cultured in freshwater lakes and lakes. They’re delivered in an extensive variety of sizes, shapes, and colors. China and the US are the main sources.
    These natural color and heat-treated cultured pearls range from 12.5 to 13.6 mm; the natural color cultured pearls are on the top right and bottom left. Note the area of "golden" nacre along the periphery of the white nacreous region in the gold-lipped Pinctada maxima shell (18.0 cm in diameter).
    These natural color and heat-treated cultured pearls range from 12.5 to 13.6 mm; the natural color cultured pearls are on the top right and bottom left. Note the area of “golden” nacre along the periphery of the white nacreous region in the gold-lipped Pinctada maxima shell (18.0 cm in diameter).
    These cultured pearls (8.5 - 9 mm in diameter) were selected to show the range of color commercially available from southern Japan. Note how the colors of some of the cultured pearls resemble those seen in the shell of the P. margaritifera oyster in which they are cultured.
    These cultured pearls (8.5 – 9 mm in diameter) were selected to show the range of color commercially available from southern Japan. Note how the colors of some of the cultured pearls resemble those seen in the shell of the P. margaritifera oyster in which they are cultured.

     

Gold-lipped Mollusk

Cultured pearls from Australia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Myanmar, are developed in the Pinctada Maxima mollusk. This shell one is called gold-lipped due to the color of the external edge of its mother-of-pearl layer.  – tags: wholesale jewelry supply

Black-lipped Mollusk

The black-lipped mollusk can create an assortment of cultured pearl colors. The color of the mother-of-pearl layer is regularly identified with the color of the subsequent cultured pearl’s nacre. – tags: wholesale jewelry supply

Average Characteristics of Akoya Cultured Pearls

gia 07The pictures in this outline speak to common scopes of size, shape, color, luster, surface, and nacre nature of akoya cultured pearls.  – tags: wholesale jewelry supply

Average Characteristics of South Sea Cultured Pearls

gia 08The pictures in this outline speak to common scopes of size, shape, color, luster, surface, and nacre nature of South Sea cultured pearls.  – tags: wholesale jewelry supply

Run of the mill Characteristics of Tahitian Cultured Pearls

gia 09The pictures in this graph speak to run of the mill scopes of size, shape, color, luster, surface, and nacre nature of Tahitian cultured pearls.  – tags: wholesale jewelry supply

Run of the mill Characteristics of Chinese Freshwater Cultured Pearls

gia 10The pictures in this graph speak to run of the mill scopes of size, shape, color, luster, surface, and nacre nature of Chinese freshwater cultured pearls cultured pearls.  – tags: wholesale jewelry supply

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